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You can prevent most skateboarding injuries if you follow all of these recommendations:

Use a quality skateboard.

Skateboards have three parts: the deck (the board itself), the trucks (the mechanism to which wheels are attached) and the wheels.

Keep your skateboard in proper working order.

You should inspect it before every ride. Look for problems that need repair. These can include loose, broken or cracked parts; a slippery top surface; wheels with nicks and cracks, etc. Never ride a skateboard that needs repairs.

Learn the basic skills of skateboarding, especially how to stop properly.

Also learn slowing and turning techniques, and how to fall safely: If you are losing your balance, crouch down on the skateboard so you won't have as far to fall. Try to land on the fleshy parts of your body rather than your arms. Relax and roll.

Wear proper protective equipment.

Essential gear includes:

  • A properly fitting helmet
  • Wrist guards
  • Knee and elbow pads
  • Shoes


To protect your head from injury, always wear a properly fitting helmet. This is true no matter what your age, level of experience or location where you are skateboarding. Get a quality bicycle or multi-sport helmet. It should meet or exceed safety standards of the U.S Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).

A properly fitting helmet:

  • Is worn flat on your head with the bottom edge parallel to the ground
  • Sits low on your forehead
  • Has side straps that form a "V" shape around each ear
  • Has a buckle that fastens tightly (there should be room to put only two fingers between the strap and your chin)
  • Has pads inside that you install or remove so the helmet fits snuggly
  • Does not move in any direction when you shake your head
  • Does not interfere with your movement, vision or hearing

Replace your helmet when it is damaged, outgrown or at least every five years. You may need to replace it sooner if the manufacturer recommends it.

Wrist guards, knee and elbow pads and other gear

Wrist guards help support the wrist and reduce the chances of breaking a bone if you fall. Knee and elbow pads reduce the severity of cuts and scrapes, and prevent gravel burns. You should also wear closed, slip-resistant shoes, and consider goggles to keep debris out of your eyes.